Which Types of trucks & trailers and what they carry

Trucks are either rigid, rigid in combination (short, medium or long) or prime movers (tractor units) in short or multi-combination. In this article Trout River Industries guide about types of trucks & trailers what they carry.

Automotive haulage: transport cars on a car transporter. Specific skills are required for loading and operation of this type of trailer. You may be expected to help valet the cars at the other end.

Rollback tow truck: The rollback tow truck is used for transporting vehicles which are broken down with a bad engine or transmission, have a flat tyre, are out of fuel, or even in a car accident. Typically, in the case of a powertrain issue, the tow truck driver will take the vehicle to the best local mechanic for that specific job. For example, if the transmission were to fail while you were driving along the highway, the rollback driver might take your vehicle to a local shop that can replace it with a quality rebuilt transmission. Furthermore, rollback tow trucks are the best for any vehicle that is broken down because of the ramp design and ability to pull the stationary vehicle onto it at a nearly 45 degree angle with the help of a heavy-duty winch. All in all, the rollback tow truck has been one of the best innovations in the evolution of the tow truck industry.

Boat haulage: small boats can often be transported pulling them with a small truck or even a car, but larger boats require specialised low trailers (“lowboy”) and may need to have pilot vehicles and a transportation plan to avoid low bridges if they are oversized. The lowboy trailers allow extra height in the load.

Dry goods: the majority of freight is dry goods hauled in a box body or curtain-sider small or medium rigid truck, or using a container truck or articulated curtainsider semi-trailer.

Flat-bed: a flat truck often used to carry other vehicles or large bulky items like concrete pipes and water tanks. Specialised flat-bed trailers are used for forestry. Some flat-bed trailers tilt to allow vehicles to get on from the rear.

Some flat-bed trailers have specific purposes such as carrying super-heavy loads and oversized equipment such as cranes and mining equipment

Furniture: also called Luton peak bodies, these are box vans with an additional section over the top of the cab. The interior of these trucks has many anchor points for tying down the furniture. Some furniture trucks are large and articulated.

Livestock: trucks that carry live animals such as sheep and cattle.

Reefers or refrigerated containers and trucks: these haul frozen, refrigerated or temperature-sensitive goods. Reefers can be semitrailers, b-trains, or a box truck and come in hard-side and curtainside variants.

Specialist trucks: trucks such as tow trucks, cement mixers, cranes, mining trucks, airport trucks, road maintenance vehicles, etc.

Tippers or dump trailers: tipper trucks usually transport building materials such as aggregates and sand. They can tip backwards or sideways depending on their configuration. Tipper trailers are available for truck and trailer combinations.

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